Vaccinations...Needed or Not?
: "Read what Kirk's Current Veterinary Therapy XI -- the veterinarians' bible -- has to say about yearly vaccinations:
'A practice that was started many years ago that lacks scientific validity or verification is annual revaccinations. Almost without exception there is no immunologic requirement for annual revaccination. Immunity to viruses persists for years or for the life of the animal. Successful vaccination to most bacterial pathogens produces an immunologic memory that remains for years.'
That was written by Dr. Tom Phillips D.V.M. Ph.D. and Dr. Ronald Schultz Ph.D., immunologist and Professor/Chairman of the Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin."
--too many vaccinations may lead to immune disorders, consult your vet